Hybridburners.com



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BTU Charts

(See Description Below)

dot The calculations used to produce these charts attempt to model the critical dimensions of the type of gas jet used in the HybridBurner design and the net heat output. Unlike other calculations they also model the air induction capability of the jets to get a rating of the efficiency of the burner.

 

Shorty graph

trex-btu-chart

1" chart

1.25 chart


The following are links to pdf files that provide the charts plus
numerical tables with burner output, fuel usage and more. (US and SI units).

Shorty Burner

T-Rex Burner

1" Diameter Burner

1.25" Diameter Burner

For special applications these alternate tip configurations have been tested.

Shorty w/23 Burner - lower output - extra efficiency

1" Diameter w/52 Burner - higher max output - extra reducing atmosphere

About the Tables - "pdf" format


Theoretical Burner BTU Output Charts

dot The calculations used to produce these charts attempt to model the critical dimensions of the type of gas jet used in the HybridBurner design and the net heat output. Unlike other calculations they also model the air induction capability of the jets to get a rating of the efficiency of the burner.

dot These charts provide the theoretical heating value of the propane used by four of the five Burners I offer. The graphs are a result of calculation rather than actual measurement, so are theoretical. The calculations use some approximations but are based on methods believed to be reasonably accurate. The BTU/Hr value given is "net", meaning it excludes the heat of vaporization of the water in the products of combustion. Environmental conditions, variations in the temperature of the fuel gas, the specific composition of the fuel gas actually used, manufacturing tolerances of the burners, and other factors that can affect the actual output available to perform work. The energy used to heat the air needed for combustion is also not accounted for. So the values charted are assuming ideal conditions and a 100% conversion of fuel to heat energy. Actual output values would be less than shown. However the BTU/hr ratings can allow comparisons between, for example 2 shorty burners running at 20 PSI vs 2 T-Rex burners running at 5 PSI.

dot The charts here are upgraded from those on the site previously, These include an extra line labeled "adjust for air" this accounts for the fuel gas that is not burned using the air entrained by the gas jet. Theoretically this represents loss from perect eficiency, however, for almost all applications a slight reducing atmosphere is desirable because it reduces scale formation. Note also that the efficiency falls off in the "sonic flow" region. this is because the speed of the gas jet is capped by the speed of sound and as such the air/fuel ratio falls off.

dot The net heating value of propane used is 19,944 BTU/Lb. This comes from Marks' Standard Handbook For Mechanical Engineers, 10th Ed., McGraw Hill, 1996. Other sources have slightly different values. The computation is based on the methods for adiabatic frictional flow from "Compressible Fluid Flow", 2nd Ed., Michel A. Saad, Prentice Hall, 1993 and "Combustion", 3rd Ed, Irvin Glassman, Academic Press, 1996. Plus other sources. The physical characteristics of propane are from the National Institute of Science and Technology WebBook (http://webbook.nist.gov/cgi/cbook.cgi?ID=74986).

dot Please feel free to validate these results -- weigh a propane tank on an accurate scale -- run the burner for a convenient period of time at a known pressure -- then reweigh the tank. This of course does not take into account any of the various modifying factors discussed above.

dot If you wish to do your own calculations an easier model to work with is available on Ron Reil's Forge and Burner Design Page as the "BTU Output Calculator". (A 'zipped' copy for download is HERE.) This will provide a close approximation of the output of each burner at a specified operating pressure.You will need to enter the jet diameter, and your intended operating pressure into the calculator to obtain the BTU output. Because the output varies with changes in operating pressure, and each burner can operate over a broad range of input gas pressures. Note that these jet tips are TWECO contact tips used in MIG welders, and will measure slightly larger than the quoted size below, perhaps 7 to 9 thousandths greater than the nominal wire diameter.

dot The charts and tables were created by Paul Boulay. We are very indebted to Paul for the time and effort he put into producing this data and making it available to the public.If you have any questions please feel free to contact Paul or me. Paul's E-mail address is pboulay <at> earthlink <dot> net



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Page Designed and Edited By: Paul Boulay
14 Mar 08
Copyright 2008